Based on what the pigments associated with them are pastels can be oiled or dry. And then we will divide them according to the degree of quality, that is whether they are intended for professionals or beginners, whether they are soft or hard, in a pen or in a stick. So, it’s quite enough to confuse someone who first encounters this cartoon. Each of them will produce different results and may require a different substrate, so if you are planning to invest in pasteling and working with them, you should be well aware of the types, differences and opportunities.
What defines the quality of the pastel
The best side of pastel work is that you will get a rich drawing or even a picture, but without brushes for painting, thinner and pallet. So, just pastels, paper and your fingers. Since they are made of dry pigments with a small addition of other materials that are there to preserve them, the pastels leave a clear and strongly colored line or surface. And despite the fact that their composition, appearance and use are very simple, they give wide possibilities.
Regarding their differences in quality and how to choose the right producer and the real series of pastel, you should know that you can buy them in two levels of quality: artist (for professional artists) and student (intended for students and students who are in the training phase). Pastels intended for professionals have more pigments in themselves which means they will leave a more intense, stronger colored trail, and due to better pigments and compositions in general, their duration on paper is longer. Pastels for pupils are significantly more favorable because they are made of cheaper pigments, contain more fillers (powder materials) and more binders, so their trace is of lesser intensity. However, they also have advantages – they will not break easily and spend as pastels for artists.
Pastels can be mixed on the paper itself by applying one shade over the other, but since they are in solid state, you can not achieve such a large range of colors that you can with liquid colors. That’s why manufacturers offer a wide choice of nuances to compensate with this disadvantage. If you are not ready to invest in a large set with lots of shades, it’s best to gradually start buying individual colors, so make a set yourself and adjust the colors to your sensibility. Do not be surprised if you come across pastels whose price drastically rebounds from others and the color is only color, they are natural pigments and some of them are more difficult to access and expensive. In student variants, instead of expensive pigments, they usually find their cheaper replacement.
Types of pastel
Soft (soft), hard (hard), pastel in pencils and oil pastels. In all, the essence is the same, in other words, they are all colored sticks. What is different is the way they are related. Dry pastels (soft and hard) and pastel in pencils are tied together with tires and resins, are compatible with each other and can be used on the same drawing. Oil and wax pastels are related to oils and wax, and you can use them on the same drawing, but you can not mix them with dry pastels.
You will usually find soft pastels in the studios. They have a high concentration of pigment and a small amount of binder. Because of this, they leave a soft clue, but because of this small amount of binder, it is easy to break. They mix perfectly and blend if you apply color over the color, but it may be inconvenient to work with precise details with them, so they are combined with hard pencils or pencils in a pen. In them, the choice of colors is the richest, some manufacturers have 500 shades and you can find them in different shapes of sticks.
Hard pastels are made of the same ingredients as soft but contain more binders and less pigments, therefore, their traces are more precise but also weaker colors, they will not break and decay so easily. As we have already mentioned, artists usually use them in combination with soft pastels. They are suitable for details and final moves that will highlight the most important segments in the drawing. They also come in two degrees of quality, but if you notice that it is not emphasized to whom they are intended, it is probably a quality for students. You will not find them in such a wide choice of shades as in soft pastels, but of course they have enough. Whether you choose soft or hard pastels is a matter of your sensibility and ideas, and for achieving the richness of the drawing, you will most likely be combining them.
If your goal is a combination of clear details and soft transitions that can only be achieved by the bed, and with that you want clean hands, pastel pastels would be the best choice for you. In the classic wooden pencil there is a stick of pastel that is hard to keep between soft and hard. You can use them individually or in combination with other drawing products, you can use them as dry, soak them in water or smear with a wet brush, sharpen them for thin or use for soft lines. Most manufacturers offer them in about 80 shades and you can buy them on a piece or in sets.
If you like how the oily colors look, but you do not like the smell